Iranian revolutions in comparative perspective nikki r keddie the iranian revolution of 1978-79 shocked the world and set in motion a search for causes most of the resulting analyses tend to locate the origins of the revolution. The iranian revolution was undoubtedly one of the seminal events of the late twentieth century perhaps its most startling attribute was its ideological novelty: in a world dominated by systems which defined themselves in economic and political terms, the iranian revolution shocked both the avowed atheists of the communist world and an. The iranian revolution and islamic movements in the twentieth century it resulted in the abolishment of the shah ruling and the establishment of a republic in the revolution, not only secular laws were substituted with islamic codes of law but political and military leaders in the shah government were expelled and a new.
The iranian revolution thus can be regarded as one of the most important happenings in modern history, comparable to the french revolution in the 18th century and the russian revolution in this century. A comprehensive study of these interwoven aspects of politics, religion, society, and identity, islamism and modernism offers crucial new insight into the aftermath of the iranian constitutional revolution fought one hundred years ago—and its ramifications for the newest generation to face the crossroads of modernity and islamic discourse in. Iran essay examples the islamic revolution in iran: the most relevant and overwhelming revolution of the twentieth century. Celebrating its 35th anniversary, iran's islamic revolution shocked the world and redrew the map of global alliances.
Iran has seen major changes to its government and indeed to wider society over the course of the twentieth century the overthrow of the qajar dynasty in 1921, shah pahlavi's white revolution and the islamic revolution have all had a tremendous impact on the political structure of the nation, but no less significantly led to widespread change. Yet the two countries also symbolize two opposite poles in the islamic world for the first two decades after iran's 1979 revolution, turkey behaved as a status quo power. The islamic revolution's impact on the legal and social status of iranian women values and norms into modern twentieth century iran the most important and.
West and the main cause of hostile of america to the islamic revolution is the impact of this important event of the twentieth century in the muslim world and severity of the anti-colonial movements and anti-occupation in the. It has called islamic republic of iran after 1979 revolution and it is just to define there is a political kind of islam running government in iran by a religious leader nothing else before it most iranians were muslims according to their id cards and the country was called monarchy of iran. This was a conscious assault on the 2500 year old persian empire and the progressive iranian people of the twentieth century this untimely revolution outrageously installed the most oppressive.
The islamic revolution, or iranian revolution, was the 1979 overthrow of iran's monarchy and the establishment of an islamic republic shah mohammed reza pahlavi was replaced by the cleric ayatollah ruhollah khomeini. The iranian revolution put fear into iraq because they felt iraqi shias could turn against them, motivated by the islamic revolution in iran iraqi shias have long been considered second-class citizens because sunni baathist party leads iraq. Revolution decoded tensions and ambiuities 2 in iranian media law 1 identity crisis: media and culture in the pre-revolutionary period for most of the twentieth century, britain and russia, and then the.
Compared to other countries, the us and iraq interfered with the iranian revolution the most and they had played important roles in iran's history the islamic republic of iran and the republic of iraq disliked each other from a long time ago, even sometimes today. The rebels who carried out the first great islamic revolution in the eighth century went to eastern iran and from there they came to iraq and founded the great abbasid caliphate in baghdad another group of religiously inspired rebels, in the tenth century, went to yemen and then to north africa, and from there they conquered egypt and. Twentieth century, the dictatorship of the pahlavis, and the islamic revolution and its aftermath the chapter also explores the history of iranian cinema, noting the most. Examining the main phases in the development of various islamic political movements in 20th-century iran—before and after the 1977-79 revolution—this entry will treat the main ideological orientations of pro-democracy islamic groups and those leaning toward islamic socialism and fundamentalism.
The most important revolution in the twentieth-century middle east, and the one with the greatest social and international impact, was the islamic revolution of 1979 in iran although it fits the pattern of revolution as part of the process of modernization of the state, its unique feature was the replacement of islam for constitutionalism. Concepts of democracy in iran essaysin february of 1979, perhaps the most relevant and overwhelming revolution of the twentieth century was executed in iran the islamic revolution, as it was known, would forever change the face of politics in not only iran, but also the entire middle east and produ. The eight-year-long iran-iraq war (september 1980 - august 1988) was the most important international event for the first decade of the islamic republic and possibly for its history so far it helped to strengthen the revolution although it cost iran much in lives and treasure.